Logo en White European Studies

Graduate Program

Policy Transfer and Discursive De-Europeanisation:

Higher Education from Bologna to Turkey. In Is Turkey De-Europeanising?
(2016) South European Society and Politics, 21:1, 91-103.


This article analyses Turkey’s integration into the Bologna Process, concentrating on the questions of why and how Turkey is transferring norms in the area of higher education. As an example of policy transfer, the Bologna Process provides important insights into the question of why states choose to voluntarily adopt norms where there is no top-down pressure for change. Focusing on Turkey as a case study, the article identifies the narratives of the agents of change responsible for the reform process. The agents are the intermediaries in the Europeanisation process – they construct the discourses and they are the ones responsible for transmitting the process to the society at large. The article concludes that while institutional Europeanisation is taking place in the area of higher education, discursive Europeanisation is lacking.



Policy 2017